Chemical free farming Green seems to be the most popular color these days. Everybody is boasting of their “greenness”. Green cars, Green houses, Green gadgets, even Green clothing! Ever wondered what all this ‘Green’ means? Anything that favors nature and and is in harmony with it is termed Green. But what about the food we eat, can we make that Green too? Welcome to the world of Organic farming!
The principal methods of organic farming include crop rotation, green manures and compost, biological pest control, and mechanical cultivation.
Organic farming promotes the use of crop rotations and cover crops, and encourages balanced host/predator relationships. Organic residues and nutrients produced on the farm are recycled back to the soil. Cover crops and composted manure are used to maintain soil organic matter and fertility.
● CROP ROTATION: It is the technique to grow various kind of crops in the same area, according to the different seasons, in a sequential manner.
● GREEN MANURE: It refers to the dying plants that are uprooted and turned into the soil to make them act as a nutrient for the soil to increase its quality.
● BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL: With this method, we use living organisms to control pests with or without the use of chemicals.
● COMPOST: Highly rich in nutrients, it is a recycled organic matter used as a fertilizer in the agricultural farms.
Contrary to the popular notion Organic farming is not just about going back to traditional farming practices. Organic farming involves using techniques that aids in achieving good yields without damaging the environment or the people who live and work in it. So any farming practice, be it traditional or modern, that complies with this principle can be adopted in Organic Farming. Use of modern chemical based pesticides and fertilizers that not only damage the water resources, but also leave toxic residues on the produce, are strictly forbidden in Organic farming. A good organic farmer is one who sees that not every insect is a pest, not every plant out of place is a weed and the solution to every problem in not spraying chemicals. The aim is not to eradicate all pests and weeds, but to keep them down to an acceptable level and make the most of the benefits that they may provide. Another important feature of Organic farming is the use of native seeds as opposed to genetically modified seeds. Many skeptics have often derided Organic farming as an impractical solution to the impending food crisis. Owing to their relatively lesser yields, many farmers prefer usage of genetically modified seeds and chemical based farming. But what is often overlooked is that long term usage of chemicals makes the soil toxic, reducing it to an infertile mass. Though producing fantastic yields in the initial years, it has been observed that the yield in chemical farming drastically drops with progress of time. So much so, that the land needs to be left inactive for years to facilitate its recuperation, creating huge losses for farmers. Thus employing chemical based farming is proving to be penny wise but pound foolish!
Organic farming on the other hand works in cooperation with nature, aiding not only the growth of plants but also boosting the soil life, ensuring long term yields. By carefully adopting all the Organic farming practices not only can one ensure high yields but also the purity of the produce. We are committed to not only to practice but also create awareness about organic farming. Researching on effective organic farming practices and training the local farmers by conducting regular seminars and demonstrations, GEV hopes to carve a niche for itself in the field of organic farming.